ONE: VAN METRES / VAN METERS
Internet sources are indicated by tildes (e.g. ~internet). A complete list can be found on the Sources page.
V-3 Maycken Hendricks
● Her Name
Jan Joosten's wife is remembered today by a wide variety of names, all of which may be translated as "little Mary, Henry's daughter." Out of this myriad I have selected Maycken Hendricks as a compromise with the closest resemblance to (a) apparent accuracy, and (b) all the other variants. Many webgens use "Macyke" or "Macyken," which look like a transposition or misreading of "Maeyke(n)." Only in connection with Jan Joosten's wife does "Macyken" appear on the Internet; ditto "Macyke" (as a first name).
mentioned in Chapter V-1, Maycke and Maycken—and Maaicke(n), Maaike(n), Maeijke(n),
Maejke(n), Maeyke(n), Maike(n), and Marike(n)—are "endearing diminutives" of
● Her Birthplace and Parents
Maycken's estimated birthyear ranges from "about 1614" to "about 1629"; some webgens confidently give an exact birthdate of December 12, 1624. Most sources agree she was born in Meppel, the port and market center of Drenthe, a sparsely-populated region in the northeastern Netherlands. Meppel is less than fifteen miles east of the Zuider Zee (as it was then), but almost seventy miles northeast of Meteren.
Several webgens name her parents as Hendricks of Laeckervelt and Anne Jan Jans; but this is the result of confusion between our Maycken Hendricks and a Maycke Hendrieux, whose parents were Hendrick Adriense van de/der/den Burchgraef(f) and Annetje Janse of Laeckervelt. Maycke Hendrieux was born as early as 1602; married Cornelis Hendrik van Ness in 1625; had six (or as many as eleven) children; and died circa 1663—in the future Fairfield, Essex County, New York, according to one source. (As a side effect of this mix-up, three webgens say our Maycken Hendricks died in Wyltwick, Ulster County, New York in 1653—nine years before she emigrated there!)
Likelier candidates for Maycken's parents are Hendrick Hendricksen van den
Oever and Lysbet Voet. This is supported by Maycken herself appearing
(even when no parents are mentioned) with the place-surname van
den Oever, which means
"of the seashore" or "riverbank." Although this could apply to a large percentage of
17th Century Netherlanders, ~jabberwocky's Peter van Maanen reminds
us there was a wealthy Van (den) Oever clan who intermarried with the Houses of
Van Haeften, Van Naeldwijk, and Van Cuijck van Meteren—as illustrated in the Van
Haeften / Van Oever Tree.
● Possible Siblings
Two other Hendrickses from Meppel preceded Maycken to New Amsterdam: Roeloft, a farmhand, and Femmetje, a "maiden," came circa 1659-61 on De Trouw (the Faith). At the New Amsterdam Reformed Dutch Church in the Spring of 1663, Femmetje Hendricks van Meppel married Joost Adriaenszen van Pynacker, who had been a fellow passenger aboard De Trouw. Then in October 1668, widower Joost married Lysbet Willems Krom, the eldest daughter of Maycken Hendricks. From these correlations, Maycken "is supposed to have been the sister of Femmetjen Hendricksen"—though this would indicate that Joost Adriaenszen married his late wife's teenaged niece.
others dissent, convincingly. Femmetje's sister, they say, was named Hilletje, and their
brother's name was Roeloff. Hilletje, widow of the soldier Andries
Barentsen, married Albert Jansen of Steenwyck in 1664. Later that year,
Roeloff (now a carpenter) married Aeltje Lubberse of Elburgh.
Also in 1664, Femmetje and Joost's daughter Maertje was baptized; the witnesses
were Roeloff, Hilletje,
and Albert Jansen. Not till Joost married Lysbet four years later was
there any authenticated tie between these siblings and Maycken—other than their
all hailing from Meppel, and having fathers named Hendrick.
● Willem Krom (Crom)
A number of webgens say Maycken married Jan Joosten in or around 1646; but as ~vm/profiles remarks, "It appears possible that Macyken Henderson [sic] was the widow of Willem Crom." There is in fact substantial documentation that Maycken's first husband was Willem Gijsbertsz Krom of Opijnen in the Tielerwaard; that they married on April 7, 1645 in nearby Waardenburg; and that Willem was the father of most of Maycken's children (of which/whom more in Chapter V-4).
Willem—as per the Krom Tree—was one of five children of Gijsbert Willemsz Krom and Lysbet Cornelisdr. If Maycken's mother was indeed Lysbet Voet, then Maycken and Willem's daughter Lysbet Willems Krom was named after both her grandmothers.
What brought Maycken from Meppel down to Opijnen on the bank of the Waal, and
how she and Willem became acquainted, and what Willem did for a living, remain
unanswered questions. Also unsettled is when Willem died, since its timing
"depends" on how many of Maycken's five kids you claim to be Willem's, and how
many Jan Joosten's. More easily guessed is that Jan must have been a
friend and neighbor (Meteren is less than three miles north of Opijnen), and
that Maycken did not undergo a lengthy widowhood before Jan married her and
adopted Willem's children—to a greater or lesser extent: they retained the
surname Krom, which in America tended more often to be spelled Crom.
Variations on Her Name:
Macycke Hendricksen (Hendrick) (~garykueber)
Maycke Hendricks (~uftree)
Macyke Hendrickse (~vnla [first of two variants])
Macyke (Macyken/Maeyken) Hendricksen (~bodine/n3880)
Macyke Hendricksen (Hendrygksen) (~barbpretz/rogers)
Macyken Bendricksen [sic] (~edianmoore)
Macyken; Maeyken; Mycyken; Macyken Hendryjkson (~prouty)
Macyken Henderson (~vm/profiles)
Macyken Hendricksen (~bobbistockton, ~okrick, ~randall, ~vm/profiles, ~vm/smyth [p. 10], ~webpan)
Macyken Hendrickson (~fishers, ~hendrick, ~kvnet, ~tate/topcities)
Macyken Hendrickson (Hendrygksen) (~richardson)
Macyken Henricksen (~barbpretz/vanmetre)
Macykin Hendricksen (~zcm3/359)
Maeijken Macyken Crom Hendreckson (~meanbunny/040)
Maeijken Macyken Crom Hendricksen (~athens/oracle)
Maejken Macyken Hendrickson (~barbpretz/064)
Maeken Hendricksen (~meanbunny/134)
Maeyken (~vnla [second of two variants])
Maeyken Hendricksen (~luke)
Maeyken Hendricksen & Mayke & Maycke (~spectrumdata)
Maycke Hendricks (~barbpretz/zimm ["or sometimes as Maycke only"], ~lucien/466, ~olive/17th)
Maycke Hendricks van der Oever (~walkersj)
Maycken <Hendrick> Van Den Oever Krom (~rclarke/joost)
Maycken Hendricks van den Oever (~mountgen/crom, ~mountgen/hammell)
Maycken Hendricks van den Over (~nyrockla)
Maycken Hendricks Van Der Oever (~jenforum)
Mayke Hendrix (~boards)
Diminutives of Maria: ~altlaw, ~ristenbatt/bapt.
Birthyear "about 1614": ~walkersj. "About 1629": ~friscia/d0004 & /d0005, ~jenforum, ~luke, ~meanbunny/040, richardson.
Maycken born "December 12, 1624": ~athens/oracle, ~edianmoore, ~hultgren, ~kvnet, ~okrick, ~watsgw, ~lucien/466, ~uftree, and ~zcm2/359. These last three webgens say Maycken was born in Zaltbommel; all other sources agree on Meppel.
Meppel often appears as "Meppelen" or "Meppelin," and Drenthe as "Drenth" or even "Dreuth." (A recognized alternative is "Drente") Baedeker's Netherlands, 4th English Edition (2000), p. 175 calls it a "very thinly populated region." Encyclopedia Britannica (1959 edition) Vol. 7, p. 648 says Drenthe "has always been one of the least populated provinces"—so much so that in 1651 it had been refused admission as a province. Besides its geographic isolation, "barren heaths and sodden fens," Drenthe is known for "megalithic sepulchral mounds, the Hunne-bedden."
Hendricks of Laeckervelt and Anne Jan Jans as
~athens/oracle, ~barbpretz/rogers, ~meanbunny/040, ~meanbunny/149, ~richardson, ~vm/sketch ("Anne gan Jans"). ~okrick has "Hendrik Hendrikse and Anne Jan Jans."
Maycke Hendrieux van de/der/den Burchgraef(f): ~blackened, ~conover/wright, ~stipak, and ~bellywash (which gives Fairfield as the place of her death).
Maycken Hendricks dying in Wyltwick (Wiltwyck) in 1653: ~athens/oracle, ~hultgren, ~okrick.
Hendrick Hendricks van den Oever and Lysbet Voet as Maycken's parents:
~heartland ("Lysbeth Voet"), ~kvnet ("Hendrick Hendrickson & Lizabeth Voet"), ~lucien/466 ("Hendrik Hendrikse [born c.1598] & Lijsbeth Voet [born c.1602]"), ~tate/topcities ("Hendrick Hendrickson & Lysbeth Voet"), ~uftree ("Hendrik Hendrikse & Lijsbet Voet"); ~watsgw ("Hendrick van den Oever & Ljsbeth Voët") ~zcm2/359 ("Hendrick Hendricksen & Lysbeth Voet").
~nycoloni/faith says De Trouwe (the Faith) sailed from Amsterdam in December 1659, arriving in New Amsterdam in June 1660. ~olive/faith says the voyage took from December 1660 to "before" May 1661. ~ministrytoday says December 1659, but on d'Vis (the Fish); while the Faith sailed in February 1659, March 1662, and January 1664. All state that Roeloft (Roeloff) and Femmetje came from Drenthe; ~nycoloni/faith is the only one to give Roeloff's occupation as farmhand.
Femmetje marrying Joost: ~rbillard/marr (which says the wedding took place on March 20, 1663), ~longisland/marriage and ~olive/church (which both say May 4, 1663), ~rclarke/krom (which says May 20, 1663). See more about Joost Adriaenszen van Pynacker, a.k.a. Molenaer, in Chapter V-4's "The Miller's Sons."
"supposed to have been the sister": ~vm/smyth (p. 10); also ~barbpretz/rogers, ~richardson, ~tate/topcities (which has Maycken born 1625 and Femmetje[n] born 1630).
Femmetje(n), Hilletje(n), and Roeloff as siblings: ~dutchcolonies/joost & /steenwyck (which confirm they came from Meppel). "Femmetje, sister of Hilletje, being recently married to Joost Ariaens" was among those taken prisoner by the Esopus Indians during their 1663 attack on Wiltwyck: ~ulster03 (see Chapter V-6).
~cwoodcock includes several versions of their relationship and parentage. One has Roelof [sic] (born c.1618) and Aeltje Lubberse (born c.1620) as the parents of Femmetje (1645), Hilletje (1647) and Roelof (circa 1650); but then they would not have had the "Hendricks" patronymic.
~olive/17th_17 says Hilletje and her first husband Andries Barents accompanied Roeloff and Femmetje to America on De Trouw in December 1659; but they do not appear on ~ministrytoday's manifest.
Pynacker is in South Holland, three miles east of Delft: ~nyrockla.
The baptism of Femmetje and Joost's daughter Maertje took place on July 13, 1664.
Roeloff Hendricks went on to serve as constable of Hurley in 1672 and as a footman (soldier) in 1687. Some time before he took the oath of allegiance to Great Britain in 1689, he (and his sister Hilletje) became associated with the surname "in t'Velt": ~olive/17th_17.
Maycken marrying Jan Joosten in or around 1646: ~barbpretz/rogers, ~friscia/d0004 & /d0005, ~hultgren ("in Gelderland, Dreuth"), ~okrick, ~vm/profiles, ~vnla ("at Gelderland or at Meppelen"). ~meanbunny/040, which agrees Maycken married Willem in 1645, holds that she married Jan the following year and all their children were Van Meterens. (~meanbunny/134, on the other hand, says Willem was the father of Maycken's first three children.)
As mentioned in Chapter V-1, the name Krom originally meant "bent, crooked, crippled." Reflecting the same element is the English surname Cromwell, interpreted as "winding stream" (Cottle, Basil, The Penguin Dictionary of Surnames [Penguin, 1967], p. 80). It might be noted that the Waal itself "is named after the many meanders in the river (Germ. wôh = crooked)": ~wikipedia/waal.
~walkersj and ~mountgen/crom are our chief sources re: Willem Gijsbertsz and the Krom family in Gelderland (deriving much of their data from Ten Eyck, Jane S., "Netherlands Origins of the Crom Families of Ulster and Rockland Counties, New York," The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Vol. 131, No. 1, January 2000, pp. 11-22). Corroborating webgens include ~garykueber, ~luke, ~meanbunny/040, ~olive/17th_6, ~randall, ~rclarke/joost, ~richardson, ~spectrumdata, and ~tate/topcities.
~mountgen/crom says that Lysbeth Cornelisdr was Gijsbert Willemsz's first wife, and the mother of three children (one of them being Willem Gijsbertz). After Lysbeth's death, ~mountgen/crom says Gijsbert married Mericken Dircks, who was the mother of the other two children; but ~walkersj says Mericken Dircks was the wife of Willem Gijsbertz's brother Cornelis. See the Krom Tree and its Notes.
~walkersj states Willem was born circa 1612; ~garykueber "estimated 1620"; ~luke and ~randall say circa 1622; ~jenforum says 1622; ~mountgen/crom 1622-23; ~lucien/466 and ~uftree 1627.
As for Willem's deathdate, ~walkersj says about 1653; ~garykueber between 1653 and 1655; ~lucien/466 and ~uftree circa 1654; ~jenforum 1656; ~mountgen/crom about 1656-59; ~luke circa 1660-61.
~richardson and ~rclarke/joost, acknowledging Willem Krom, delay
Maycken's marriage to Jan Joosten to circa 1653-54 "in Mappelen" and circa 1658
"in Meppelen" respectively.
Proceed to Chapter V-4
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