Return to Chapter B-3                       Proceed to Chapter B-5



"SFA" stands for the Smith Family Archives, assembled and transcribed over many years by Leanna Lois Claudia Smith, daughter of Alonzo; her great-nieces Mellie Morris Smith (daughter of Herbert Gustavus) and Gertrude Fairchild Smith (daughter of Maurice Leigh); and great-great-niece Mildred Aileen Nash (neé Mellie Agnes Smith: daughter of Francis See).

"DCB" stands for correspondence with David Coulon Burns, webmaster of the RootsWeb megasite ~burns/dcb—who cautions that the designations Sr., Jr., and III used below and in later chapters were not likely to have been used by any of the fathers/sons sharing a first name (except for King George).  In most cases the present author has tried to indicate this with [square brackets].

B-4    William III and Creative Jane

The Third of the Burnses

The Time-Honored Version

According to the SFA, William "M." Burns [III] was born February 14, 1795 in Berkeley County, [West] Virginia; his wife Jane Marshall was born there July 17, 1793.  They married on August 28, 1817 and relocated their family to Ohio between 1831 and 1834.  In 1846 they settled in Medway, Bethel Township, Clark County OH, where William was "quite a wealthy merchant and landowner" with $12,000 in real estate.

Little more was known until 2003, when (as mentioned in the Introduction) the present author hit upon the right combination of Web browser keywords, locating William and Jane in Bethel Township's New Carlisle Cemetery.  This in turn enabled me to find ~janeburns, which revealed that:

William Burns [III] (born February 14, 1793, the eldest child [but see below] of William Burns [Jr.] and Magdalena Van Metre) married Jane Marshall (born January 17, 1790, the daughter of William Marshall) on August 28, 1817 in Jefferson County VA.  In 1838 they sold their plantation, freed their slaves, and brought their family to Ohio, where William "bought two square miles of land on Old National Road, east of New Carlisle...  Four small lakes on rear—'Crystal Lakes.'"  William died on January 22, 1856 in Medway and was buried in the New Carlisle Cemetery; Jane did not join him there for many years, living till December 17, 1880.

The Comprehensive Version

William Burns [III], the sixth child and second son of William Burns [Jr.] and Magdalena Van Meter, was born in Berkeley County VA on February 22, 1793.  Jane Marshall, the second child of William Marshall [Sr.] and Mary Banes, was born in Virginia on January 9, 1790.  William and Jane were married in Martinsburg on August 28, 1817; they lived in Berkeley County in 1820 and Jefferson County in 1830, then emigrated to Montgomery County, Ohio in 1832.  By 1840 they had settled in Bethel Township, Clark County OH.  William, a Methodist, earned his living as a farmer and merchant.  He died on January 22, 1856 and was buried in New Carlisle Cemetery.  Jane survived him for many years, living in Bethel Township with her son David Burns in 1860, then with his brother William Marshall Burns in 1870; by 1880 she was living with daughter Magdalena Mumma in Montgomery County's Madison Township (just west of Dayton).  She died in Clark County on December 17, 1880, aged nearly 91, and was buried beside William [III] in New Carlisle Cemetery.

As recounted by the newsletter of the Medway Area Historical Society (The Trolley Tattler, November 1998 issue), the Burnses settled on "two square miles of land between what is now Rt. 40 and Lower Valley Pike.  This area encompassed all of what is now Crystal Lakes."  Pictured to the right—or above, depending on the size of your browser window—is the original Burns home, built by William circa 1834.  The drawing (courtesy of DCB) was done by Hazel Alice Burns Evans (1902-1997), granddaughter of William and Jane's son Isaac James Burns.  DCB reports that the house still stands, incorporated into a later, expanded and modernized home on Lake Road in Medway, just north of Crystal Lakes and a few doors down from James W. Burns's furniture store.

The Marshalls

~burns/dcb and ~marshall/frontiernet are our sources concerning Jane's family, the Marshalls±.  They can be traced back to James Marshall (born before 1738, died between 1783 and 1800) who married Jane Lindsey aka Lindsay (c.1739-1812) around November 1755 at Neshaminy Presbyterian Church in Bucks County, Pennsylvania.  (Bucks was one of Pennsylvania's three original counties, named by William Penn after his native Buckinghamshire in England.  It lies on the west bank of the Delaware River, between Philadelphia to the south and Allentown to the north.  Warwick Township, created in 1733, was "home to many Scots-Irish Presbyterians" who attended the Neshaminy Church in Hartsville.  George Washington and the Continental Army, joined by Lafayette and Count Pulaski, camped in Warwick Township before the Battle of Brandywine in 1777.)

James Marshall and Jane Lindsey had eight or nine children:

* Lindsey Marshall:  born February 9, 1760 in Bucks County PA; was living in Berkeley County VA in 1782, when he married Nancy Mercer (c.1753-aft.1830: daughter of Edward Mercer [Jr.] and Sarah Lemon); had seven children§§; worked as a boot/shoemaker and merchant; was living in Augusta VA in 1810; emigrated to Highland County, Ohio by 1814; was living in Xenia Township, Greene County OH by 1820; died circa November 6, 1835, when he was buried in Xenia's Associated Reformed Churchyard
* Edward Marshall:  born before 1766; died before 1812? (not mentioned in mother's will)
* James Marshall:  born before 1766; on Berkeley County VA's poll tax list for 1782/87; died 1807 in Berkeley County
* William Marshall [Sr.]:  born 1764/65 (of whom see more below)
* Jane Marshall: born circa 1767 in Pennsylvania; in 1788 married Robert Cummings (c.1760/70-1850: son of James Cummings) at Philadelphia's Christ Church; had four children†††; died after 1850 when she was living with sister Catherine in Warwick Township, Bucks County PA
* Rebekah Marshall:  born 1770/75 in Bucks County; in 1796 married Joseph Hair (aka Haire and Hare: born before 1775) at Neshaminy Presbyterian Church; had three children‡‡‡ before Joseph died in 1806; lived in
in Northumberland County PA for many years, dying there before 1850
* John Marshall [Sr.]:  born August 15/16, 1775/77 in Warwick Township; at Neshaminy Presbyterian Church in 1812 he married Anna Eleanor Vanzant (1785-1858: daughter of Garrett Vanzant and Elizabeth Larue; John Marshall was her third of four husbands); died April 10, 1812/13 in Warwick Township and was buried in Neshaminy Churchyard.  His son John Marshall [Jr.] was born c.1813, married Clara L. Macnair, had five children, worked as a farmer, died 1886 and was buried in Richboro PA's Union Cemetery
* Benjamin(?) Marshall:  born before 1780; in 1797 married Elizabeth Azenhurst aka Asenhurst (born before 1780: daughter of Oliver Azenhurst); is not confirmed as a son of James and Jane, but "placed here tentatively because of his marriage in Berkeley County in the general timeframe of the others" (~marshall/notes1)
* Catherine Marshall:  born c.1783, died after 1850 when she was living with sister Jane in Warwick Township

After James's death, Jane Lindsey Marshall married James Cummings (c.1715-1801: father of her son-in-law Robert Cummings).  Jane died on November 8, 1812 in Warwick Township; her will is said to mention children Jane, Rebekah, and John, if not Edward.  She was buried in Neshaminy Presbyterian Churchyard.

William Marshall [Sr.], son of James Marshall and Jane Lindsey, was born on either December 19, 1764 (as per ~marshall/frontiernet) or January 9, 1765 (as per ~burns/dcb) in Bucks County PA.  In 1787 he relocated to Berkeley County VA, probably after marrying Mary Banes (born in Bucks County on August 9, 1764: see below for her family).  Either they always lived east of the Opequon in what became Jefferson County in 1801, or else moved to Jefferson in 1819.  Mary Banes Marshall died on February 19, 1838 in Shepherdstown; William Marshall [Sr.] followed on April 15, 1845; both are buried in Shepherdstown's Elmwood Cemetery.  William's will is presented by ~marshall/notes2:

In the name of God, Amen!
I, William Marshall, of the county of Jefferson & State of Virginia, being of sound, disposing mind & memory do make, publish, & declare this to be my last will and testament.
I give and devise to my four sons, all of my real estate.
I give to my son James, a negro man named Harry.
I give to my son William, a negro man named Daniel.
I give to my son Phineas, a negro man named Washington, and a negro boy named Isaiah.
I give to my son John, a negro boy named Jack or John.
I give the rest of my slaves (except a negro girl named Mary) and all the residue of my property, to my four sons.  But all the clauses & bequests herein made to my four sons, shall be subject to these conditions.  That they shall pay all my just debts and funeral expenses, and that they shall pay to my daughter Elizabeth, Eight Hundred Dollars.  To my daughter Jane, One Thousand Dollars.  And to my daughter Esther, Four Hundred Dollars.  And I give to my said daughter Esther, the negro girl named Mary.  And Lastly, I appoint my two sons Phineas and John as my executors.
In Testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and seal this 21 day of Sept 1839.

Also in ~marshall/notes2 is an obituary from the Charles Town Virginia Free Press of April 22, 1845, praising William's Presbyterian deportment.  "He felt deeply that he was a most unworthy sinner; put his trust entirely in the Grace of God, through Jesus Christ; delighted much in religious conversation, and was never more joyful than when singing of that Grace which abounds to the chief of sinners...  [It] was an affecting scene to behold his children, even to the third generation, gathering around the coffin to look for the last time upon their patriarchal form, now sleeping in death.  May they all be 'followers of him who, through faith and patience, now inherits the promises!'"  (How Harry, Daniel, Washington, Isaiah, Mary, and Jack or John felt about the promises was not recorded.)

The seven children of William Marshall [Sr.] and Mary Banes were:

* Elizabeth Marshall:  born 1788 in Virginia; in April 1810 married John William Comegys (1784-1823: born in Maryland, son of Jacob Comegys and Hanna Falconer) at Berkeley County VA's Mt. Zion Baptist Church; had six children§§§; in 1860 was living with brother Phineas in Charles Town, Jefferson County VA; died May 8, 1871
* Jane Marshall:  born January 9/17, 1790 (of whom see more above/below)
* James Marshall:  born November 9, 1794 in Berkeley County VA; in 1819 married Margaret M. Stipp (1790-1835: daughter of Martin Stipp) and built Marshall Hall on a large Stipp-owned farm between the Shenandoah and Potomac; had five children††††; then married Elizabeth Rush (1807-1886) circa 1839 and had five more children††††; died March 29, 1847 and was buried in Shepherdstown's Elmwood Cemetery
* William Marshall [Jr.]:  born October 29, 1796 in Virginia; in 1825 married Mary "Polly" Hendricks (1805-1870: daughter of Daniel Hendricks and Margaret Duke); had nine children‡‡‡‡; died November 28, 1870 in Van Buren Township, Montgomery County OH; was buried there in David's Cemetery, Kettering OH
* Phineas Paxton Marshall:  born October 18, 1798 in Virginia; married Mary Melvin (1804-1844); worked as a farmer; died June 11, 1862; was buried in Shepherdstown's Elmwood Cemetery
* John Marshall:  born May 18, 1801 in Virginia; married Ruhanna Melvin (1806-1890) in 1827; had seven children§§§§; worked as a farmer; in 1860 was living next door to brother Phineas in Charles Town, Jefferson County VA; died July 17, 1870; was buried in Shepherdstown's Elmwood Cemetery
* Hester Lemen "Esther" Marshall:  born August 6, 1804 in Jefferson County VA; circa 1826 married storekeeper/tailor Henry Snyder (1807-1845: son of John Snyder and Christianne [surname?]); had six children†††††; was living with father-in-law in 1850 and with son William in 1860; died August 1, 1861 in Sandy Ridge, Jefferson County VA; was buried in Sandy Ridge's Snyder-Hendricks Cemetery


Jane Marshall Burns's mother, Mary Banes Marshall, was the daughter of John Banes (born circa 1734) and Elizabeth Paxton Shaw (born when?, daughter of John Shaw and Sarah [surname?]) who had four children from her previous marriage to John Randall.  After marrying John Banes circa 1758, Elizabeth had Mary in 1764 and three other children: Joseph Banes and James Banes (both living in Southampton, Bucks County PA in 1800) and Esther Banes aka Hester Banes (1761-1841: who married Robert Lemen in 1779, lived in Frederick/Berkeley/Jefferson County VA, and had fourteen children‡‡‡‡‡).  John Banes died before 1800 and Elizabeth before 1810.

Mary's father John Banes was the son of Joseph Beans aka Banes (born September 24, 1708) of Southampton in Bucks County, and Esther Evans aka Hester Evans, whom Joseph married on May 7, 1733 in Philadelphia's First Presbyterian Church.  John's siblings were Seth Banes, James Banes (who married Anna [surname?], had six children, died 1814), and Mathew Banes (who married Sarah [surname?], had five children, died 1788).  Joseph Beans/Banes died in Southampton in December 1771, and Esther/Hester after that.

Joseph Beans/Banes was the son of William Banes (born May 14, 1681 in Bradley, Lancashire, England; died before May 23, 1729) and Elizabeth [surname?].  Joseph's siblings were:

     * Matthew Beans  (born 1709, married Margery Paxson, had three children, then married Elizabeth Wilson and had three more, died 1791 in Buckingham, Bucks County)
     * James Banes  (born when?, married Elizabeth Sands, had three children, worked as a blacksmith, died 1749 in Southampton, Bucks County)
     * Timothy Beans  (born 1712, married Rebecca Paxson, had one child, was a Quaker, died 1801 in/at Goose Creek, Fairfax Township, Loudoun County VA)
     * Thomas Banes  (born when?, married Jane Sands, had five children, was a Baptist, died 1792 in Abington Township, Montgomery County PA)
     * Jacob Beans  (born 1729, married Sarah Hartley, had nine children, then married Hannah Iden, was a Quaker, died 1807 in Solebury Township, Bucks County)
     * William Banes  (born 1811, married Lydia[?] Russell, had one child, died 1811 in Buckingham, Bucks County)
     * Elizabeth Banes  (married Richard Sands; no other info)
     * Elinor Banes  (died 1773 in Warminster Township, Bucks County; no other info)

Their father William Banes was very young when he emigrated to Pennsylvania in 1687 with his parents Mathew Baines (son of William Baines) and Margaret Hatton (daughter of William Hatton).  Mathew and Margaret had married on October 22, 1672 in the Lancaster Monthly of Friends (Quakers).  Both died at sea during the 1687 voyage, as did their sons Thomas Banes (born 1675) and Timothy Banes (born 1678).  Six-year-old William and his surviving sister Elinor Banes (born 1677) were fostered by the Pennsylvania Quaker community.  DCB quotes an unidentified Bucks County history as follows:

When the children landed, they were taken charge of by the Friends of Chester Monthly Meeting.  The father's dying request, as shown by a letter of Phineas Pemberton to John Walker in 1688, was that his children should be placed in care of James Harrison, but Harrison having died before their arrival, his son-in-law Pemberton went to Chester to look after them.  Finding them in good hands, they were allowed to remain.
     As the record of the times puts it, the boy [William] was put with one Joseph Stidman, and the girl [Elinor] with John Simcock.  "And hath fourty or fifty shillings wages per annum, the boy to be with the said Stidman who is said to be a very honest man, until he comes to ye age of twenty years, which is ye customary way of putting forth orphans in these parts."  William, the son, settled in Southampton, Pennsylvania, and left nine children, and from them descended all the Beans, Banes, Baines families of this section.  Elinor Banes, the daughter, married 7 mo. 26
[sic], 1694, Thomas Duer, of Bucks county, where are left numerous of their descendants."

The Stretchers

Returning to Jane Marshall Burns: she had, by the present author's count, 44 grandchildren and 111 great-grandchildren.  Jane must have encountered a great many of them during her long life; certainly she told stories from family history to some.  Glimpses of these tales, as handed down by Jane's granddaughter Nora Janes Burns Newcomer (1866-1957, child of Isaac James Burns), appear in ~janeburns.  Among the glimpses are:

* a claim to be the niece of Chief Justice John Marshall and a cousin of future Vice President Thomas Riley Marshall
* bad scars across Jane's arms were the result of her attempt to protect a slave boy her husband was whipping
* after William and Jane sold their Virginia plantation and freed their slaves, "old Mammy refused to leave her 'chillun,' brought her family, came to Ohio also"
* an avowal that even at the age of ninety, Jane’s hair was still jet black

Well, maybe.  No sign of Chief Justice or future Vice President appears among the many Marshalls listed above and below.  Jane's arms scars, like comedienne Gracie Allen's, could have been caused by pulling a boiling pot off the stove.  Old Mammy might have sought escorted transport to the free state of Ohio, regardless of her "chillun."  And even ninety-year-olds have been known to dye their hair.  When it came to entertaining her grandchildren, Jane Marshall Burns may have been a Creative Thinker—perhaps to the point of creating the tradition of a Burns Connection.  One is reminded of James Thurber’s Aunt Mary Van York in The Thurber Album:

Smoking her pipe, sometimes wearing a shawl on her head, and talking in a deep-toned Old Testament voice, a perfect instrument for dark and bloody narratives, she would tell tales of the far West to the children who called on her, sometimes making Tarzan a contemporary of Buffalo Bill, and now and then involving herself in the action of the stories.  Her favorite tale was about a Pawnee attack upon a wagon train and the kidnapping of a male white infant.  "He grew up to be wicked and beautiful," she would say.  "Wicked and beautiful."  When we asked her what finally became of him she would say dolorously, "He married this Boston woman."±±

Medway and New Carlisle

Click on the thumbnails to the left to see 1875 maps of Ohio's Clark and Montgomery Counties; click here and here to see Wikipedia maps.


Montgomery County was created in 1803, and Dayton (founded in 1796) was named its seat; the county thrived after the Miami [and Erie] Canal connected Dayton with Cincinnati in 1829.  Clark County, northeast of Montgomery, was created in 1817 from parts of Greene, Champaign, and Madison Counties.  Its traffic and population surged after 1838, when the National Road (aka Cumberland Road) was extended to Clark County's seat at Springfield.  As ~history/clarkroad would emote:

Never before were such landlords, such taverns, such dinners, such whisky, such bustle or such endless cavalcades of coaches and wagons as could be seen or had in the palmy days of the old national "pike"...  Once in awhile Mr. Clay or Gen. Jackson made an appearance, and answered with stately cordiality the familiar greetings of the other passers-by.  Homespun Davy Crockett sometimes stood in relief against the busy scene, and all the statesmen of the West and South—Harrison, Houston, Taylor, Polk and Allen among others—came along the road to Washington.

From the same 1881 History of Clark County we learn that Bethel Township (in Clark's southwest corner) claimed to be "the home of the first white man settled in the Miami Valley north of Cincinnati...  On Section 25 is a chain of lakelets, four in number, filled with pure fresh water, well stocked with our common fish...  This series of lakes are evidently the remains of a mighty river, that once rushed through the valley in which they are situated" (~history/clarkbethel).  Sold by the Burnses, Crystal Lakes was developed as a summer resort in the 1920s, "first by lots being given to subscribers of the Dayton Journal-Herald" (as per The Trolley Tattler).  Today Crystal Lakes is an unincorporated community with a population of over 1,400.

~history/clarkbethel states that circa 1807, the Rev. Archibald Steel built a gristmill

which formed the nucleus of the town of Medway.  It is situated on the Valley Pike, nearly midway between Dayton and Springfield.  The last census [in 1880] gave 211 inhabitants.  Medway is surrounded by one of the finest farming districts in the world—which, however, is the character of the whole of the Mad River Valley.  Medway has one dry goods store, and one grocery and provision store, a carriage-factory, wagon and blacksmith shops, [and] a mill for the reduction of wood to pulp for the manufacture of paper...  The buildings in Medway are generally better than are usually found in a village of its size.  It contains a graded school and two churches—the Methodist and a new Mennonite; a large proportion of the people in the vicinity are members of the latter church, and are noted as agriculturists of the most thorough sort.

"William Burns (III)," notes DCB, "was a charter member of the New Carlisle Methodist Church...  The original [church] was actually just north of William's land and not in the town itself until a new church to replace the log one was built in town many years later."  Pastoral duties were covered by circuit riders—itinerant preachers who traveled on horseback with only what they could carry in saddlebags.  Itinerancy remains a Methodist tradition to this day (though perhaps with more luggage allowed).  William's wife and children regularly appeared as donors in the New Carlisle Circuit's Detailed Missionary Reports.  Son-in-law Joseph E. Lamme came from a prominent Methodist clan with its own family chapel; he and Jacob G. Burns would both be charter trustees of the Medway Methodist Church built in 1859 (with much of the work done by Mennonites from Lancaster County PA, who'd migrated to Clark County OH in 1840; their own church was built in 1846).  ~history/clarkbethel continues:

New Carlisle was laid out in 1810, by William Reyburn; the first location was about eighty rods west of the present town, and was called York.  In 1812, the present plat was laid out, and called Monroe.  In 1828, the name was changed to New Carlisle, and the census of 1880 gives it 872 inhabitants.  The village is located on the west bank of Honey Creek, about twelve miles west of Springfield, and about sixteen miles northeast of Dayton; the streets are at right angles, and the free use of gravel, which is abundant and easily obtained, has made them first-class.  The buildings are generally good, among them some very fine and comfortable residences. The town hall, Odd Fellows' and Masonic buildings, and the churches, five in number, are good, substantial structures.  The village was incorporated in 1832.  Though remote from railroads, [New] Carlisle has a very fair general trade; there are two fine stocks of dry goods, two drug stores, five grocery and provision stores, one general stock of hardware and queensware, one merchant tailor and clothing establishment, a bakery and confectionery, two harness shops, two tin and stove stores, two furniture and cabinet shops, two hotels, one carriage-factory, one wagon-shop, five blacksmith-shops, one cooper, one shoe store, two shoe manufactories, two livery and feed stables, one agricultural implement warehouse, two millinery establishments, one notion store, two meat markets and two nurseries.  New Carlisle is surrounded by one of the most fertile grain-growing districts in the world.  Some statistics, recently collected, show an almost incredible amount of wheat, corn, rye, barley, flax-seed, potatoes, hay, beef, pork, sheep, grass seeds, produced in an area of four miles around the village.  The soil is also well adapted to the growth of fruit trees, as is shown at the nurseries that adjoin the village, hundreds of thousands of which are shipped every year from this place and distributed all over the country; to both wholesale dealers and agents.±±±

Nowadays, New Carlisle is just beyond Dayton's northern suburbs.  Its cemetery is south of town, on the east side of Route 235, close to Barnhart Memorial Airport.  ~newcarlisle locates William and Jane's graves at A-050-1 and A-050-2 respectively; William's age is given as 62y 11m 8d, and Jane's as 90y 11m 8d.  (Which would seem to confirm William's birthdate as February 14th rather than 22nd, and Jane's as January 9th rather than 17th.)  Beside them at A-050-3 is their son Phineas, who died in 1841 at the age of five.

The Third Generation

The Time-Honored Version

Other than Jacob G. Burns, the SFA's only info regarding William and Jane's offspring came from the 1850 Clark County census.  This mentioned William M. Burns (born c.1827 in Virginia); Isaac Burns (born c.1831 in Virginia); and David M. Burns (born c.1834 in Ohio).

Nothing further about the Third Generation was known for certain till ~janeburns was discovered in 2003; it listed the children as "Catherine, Jacob, Mary, William Marshall, Isaac, David (Phineas and George died young)."  ~marshall/frontiernet includes only four of these: Catherine Marshall Burns, William Marshall Burns, Isaac James Burns, and David M. Burns.  Then in 2007 the present author chanced upon ~burns/dcb and learned the following, which includes a few details from ~marshall/frontiernet and ~newcarlisle:

The Comprehensive Version

The eight children of William Burns [III] and Jane Marshall were:

* Catherine Marshall Burns:  born October 23, 1818 in Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County VA; in June 1835/36 married Josiah Evans "Joseph" Lamme (1813/14-1896: a native of Clark County OH); had four children; in 1900 was living with her two daughters at 320 Southern Avenue in Springfield OH; died June 6, 1902 and was buried in New Carlisle Cemetery [A-053-7] beside husband "Joseph E." [A-053-6]
* Magdalena Mary Burns:  born October 7, 1821 in Berkeley County VA; in 1840 married Henry Mumma aka Mooma (1819-1898: born in Maryland); had eight children; in 1910 was living with daughter Laura in Madison OH; died March 6, 1912 and was buried in Dayton's Ft. McKinley Cemetery
* Jacob Garrel Burns:  born January 3, 1823 (of whom more in Chapter B-6)
* William Marshall Burns (known as "Marshall"):  born December 20, 1824 in Shepherdstown, Jefferson County VA; in 1855 married Mary "Mollie" Gochnauer (1830-1913: born in Pennsylvania); had five children§; worked as a farmer; (re)purchased much of the original Burns land sold by mother Jane after father William's death; lived in Bethel Township, Clark County OH till c.1910, when he joined his daughter Lilly's family in Kansas City MO; died September 3, 1921 in Arvada, Colorado; was buried in New Carlisle Cemetery [A-049-8] beside wife "Mary G." [A-049-9]
* Isaac James Burns:  born October 31, 1830 in Shepherdstown; in 1851 married Margaret Ann Rall (1832-1922: born in Piqua OH); had thirteen children††; worked as a farmer and merchant, running a general merchandise store (with his wife providing millinery) in Medway; owned the smaller Crystal Lakes; died December 21, 1907 in Medway and was buried in New Carlisle Cemetery [C-150-5] as was wife "Margaret A." [C-150-6]
* David M. Burns:  born September [day?] 1833 in Ohio; circa 1859/60 married Susan H. Osborn (1839-1918); had three children‡‡; worked as a farmer and merchant; owned part of the main Crystal Lake; moved to Santa Ana, California by 1900; died there January 20, 1903; was buried in Ferncliff Cemetery, Springfield OH
* Phineas P[axton?] M[arshall?] Burns:  born January [day?] 1836; died April 16, 1841; was buried in New Carlisle Cemetery [A-050-3]
* George W. Burns:  born (when?) in Ohio; evidently died young; no other info



± The Penguin Dictionary of Surnames (by Basil Cottle, Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1967, p. 180) defines the surname Marshall as "'horse(cf. mare)-servant,' Germanic normanized.  A word that extended to a wide range of functions, rising in status to a high officer such as the Earl Marshal and remaining also as 'farrier, shoeing-smith, groom, horse-doctor.'  Widespread, and the 49th commonest surname in Scotland in 1958."  Banes does not appear in this Dictionary, but Bain(e)s is defined on page 39 as "(son) of Bain(e)," that is "'(public) bath'; for an attendant thereat.  Or 'white, fair,' Scots Gaelic; or 'bone' in its northern form retaining ā; or 'direct, obliging, hospitable.'"  A similar background is given on page 44 to Bean—"ready, willing, obedient"—when not simply a "bean(-seller/-grower)."
±± Thurber, James, The Thurber Album (New York: Touchstone, 1952) p. 17.
±±± A History of Clark County, Ohio (Chicago: W.H. Beers & Co., 1881) pp. 709-710.

Catherine Burns Lamme
The four children of Catherine Marshall Burns and Josiah Evans "Joseph" Lamme were:
      John W. Lamme (born 1837 in Clark County OH; married Agnes M. Neff c.1855; had six children; served in the military; relocated to Brown County, Kansas by 1880; worked as a farmer; died 1920 in Holton City, Jackson County KS)
      Sarah Jane Lamme (born 1839 in [Clark County?] Ohio; in 1857 married Ezra A. Garver (1835-1890), a farmer and store clerk; had five children; lived in Springfield OH; died 1930 and was buried in Springfield's Ferncliff Cemetery)
      Gustavus B. Lamme (born 1841 in Clark County OH; served in the Old Springfield Light Infantry; married Anna Katherine Hastings in 1865; had three children; like brother John, relocated to Brown County KS by 1880; was living in Atchison City KS in 1900; worked as a "huxter" and farmer; retired to Santa Ana CA by 1920; died after 1930)
      Mary Virginia Lamme (born 1843 in Medway OH;  in 1870 married Benjamin Franklin Hughes, a seller of washing machines; had four children; by 1900 was living in Springfield with her mother, sister, and youngest son; died 1926 and was buried in New Carlisle Cemetery [A-053-5] as was husband "Benjamin F." [A-053-4])

Magdalena Burns Mumma
The eight children of Magdalena Mary Burns and Henry Mumma were:
      Mary Catherine "Katie" Mumma (born 1841 in Clark County OH; in 1880 was living with parents in Madison OH, and in 1910 with her mother and sister Laura; died 1915 and was buried in Dayton's Ft. McKinley Cemetery)
      Adelia Jane Mumma (born 1844 in Clark County OH; married William Hyre, who in 1860 was doing farm labor for her father; had three children)
      David B. Mumma (born 1845 in Trotwood OH; married Amanda C. Culbert in 1868; had three children; died 1877 and was buried in Dayton's Ft. McKinley Cemetery)
      Elizabeth Mumma (born 1847 in Clark County OH; married J. W. Wogaman; died 1876)
      Laura M. Mumma (born 1850 in Clark County OH; married Adam Minnich, a carpenter, c.1904; then married Samuel Vaniman, a farmer, after 1910)
      Winfield Scott Mumma (born 1852 in Montgomery County OH; died 1862 and was buried in Dayton's Ft. McKinley Cemetery)
      William Henry Mumma (born 1857 in Trotwood OH; in 1881 married Mary Ellen Herr and had three children; then in 1895 married Martha W. Garber and had one child; then married Ella Bowser after 1920; died 1932 in Trotwood OH
      Joseph Albert Mumma (born 1860 in Montgomery County OH; died 1862 and was buried in Dayton's Ft. McKinley Cemetery)

§ William Marshall Burns
The five children of William Marshall Burns and Mary "Mollie" Gochnauer were:
      Lilly Burns aka Lillie K. Burns (born 1857 in Bethel Township; in 1879 married Charles E. Maggard (called "Unknown Magert" by ~marshall/frontiernet) who worked as a general contractor [1880], implement house manager [1900], traveling man in heavy machinery [1910], and general contractor again [1920]; had one child; died 1941 in Springfield and was buried in New Carlisle Cemetery [A-049-4])
      Jennie Douthet Burns (born 1859; died 1861, was buried in New Carlisle Cemetery [A-049-7].  ~newcarlisle shows a death date of November 6, 1867 at the age of 2y 3m 5d, but Jennie appears as a one-year-old in Clark County's 1860 census; DCB is dubious about ~newcarlisle's spelling of her middle name)
      Alda A. Burns (born 1863; died 1908, was buried in New Carlisle Cemetery [A-049-6: ~newcarlisle gives her the middle initial "L." but misspells her mother's maiden name)
      Nellie M. Burns (born 1866; in 1898 married James R. Switzer, a shipping clerk and traveling salesman in road machinery; apparently not buried in New Carlisle Cemetery)
      Henry G. Burns (born 1870; married Nellie M. Siebold c.1895; had one child; worked as a farmer; lived in Bethel Township through at least 1920; died 1947 in Springfield; buried in New Carlisle Cemetery [A-049-1], but wife Nellie apparently wasn't)

†† Isaac James Burns
The thirteen children of Isaac James Burns and Margaret Ann Rall were:
      Charlotte Ann Burns (born 1853 in Medway OH; in 1874 married John David Forbeck, a blacksmith; had ten children; lived in Kansas and Oklahoma; died 1941 and was buried in Bartlesville OK)
      [Female] Burns (born before 1854, died before 1910)
      George Washington Burns (born before 1854, died before 1870)
      Elias Alonzo Burns (born 1856; married Melinda Canna/Connie Reeder in 1878; had five children; worked as a farmer; moved to Kansas by 1900; died 1927 in Topeka KS, but was buried in Long Beach CA)
      Franklin Ezra "Frank" Burns (born 1857; in 1879 married Anna Martha "Mattie" Frantz; had five children; worked as a farmer; died 1938 in New Carlisle and was buried in New Carlisle Cemetery [B-073-5] as was wife Anna Martha [B-073-6])
      Lydia Ann "Libbie" Burns (born 1859 in Medway OH; in 1881 married Josiah Barnhart, a house painter; had one child; worked as a seamstress; lived in Kansas, but died 1928 in Columbus OH; buried in New Carlisle Cemetery [C-150-1] as was husband Josiah [C-150-2])
      Florence Adah Burns (born 1862 in Medway OH; in 1886 married Jacob "Jake" Weimer; had one child; got divorced before 1910, and lived with her mother and daughter; died 1920 and was buried in New Carlisle Cemetery [C-150-8])
      Nora Jane Burns (born 1866 in Medway OH; in 1882 married Franklin Charles "Frank" Newcomer; had seven children; moved to Kansas by 1887; died 1957 in Burlington KS and was buried in Emporia KS—our source for the glimpses of grandmother Jane's tales)
      Mary Catharine Burns (born 1868 in Medway OH; in 1898 married Charles H. Bell, a farmer and [in 1920] citrus rancher; had five children; moved to Kansas by 1899, to New York c.1908, and to California by 1920; died 1941 in Orange County CA)
      Joseph Willard Burns (born 1871 in Medway OH; married Amy Jane Yowler in 1898; had eleven children, including Hazel Alice Burns Evans [1902-1997, who drew the picture of the original Burns home shown above]; worked as a farmer; died in Dayton in 1948; was buried in New Carlisle Cemetery [C-148-4] as was wife Amy Jane [C-148-3])
      Granville Melvin Burns (born 1872 in Medway OH; married Harriet Cordelia Blake in 1894; had four children; moved to Kansas by 1895 and to Nebraska by 1900; worked as a schoolteacher, building painter, railroad freight agent, and real estate agent; died 1932 in Boulder CO; was buried in Lincoln NE)
      Harry Lee Burns (born 1876 in Medway OH; married Adelaide Newton in 1901; had two children; worked as a fish peddler; died 1907 in Medway and was buried in New Carlisle Cemetery [C-149-7] as was wife Adelaide [C-149-8])
      [Male] Burns (no info)

‡‡ David M. Burns
The three children of David M. Burns and Susan H. Osborn were:
      Colgan W. Burns (born 1861 in Ohio; married Jessie Harrison in 1887; had four children; worked as a laundryman and steam laundry manager; lived in Santa Ana CA from at least 1900 through 1920)
      Dora C. Burns (born 1864 in Ohio; died 1883; was buried in Springfield's Ferncliff Cemetery)
      Elmer Barr Burns (born 1868 in Ohio; married Gertrude M. [surname?] c.1896; had two children; worked as a farmer and for the Internal Revenue Service; lived in San Francisco in 1900 and Santa Ana CA by 1910; died in Orange County CA in 1949)

§§ Lindsey Marshall
     The seven children of Lindsey Marshall and Nancy Mercer were:
James Marshall
(1783/84-1842/49, married Phoebe Lambert, had three children, was buried in Xenia OH); William V. Marshall (1784/94-1834/36, married Anna Colgan, had five children, was buried in Jackson OH); Rebecca Marshall (born c.1794, married Lemuel John, had seven children, died after 1840 when living in Beaver Creek OH); David Marshall (1792/95-1842, married Delilah Hains, had six children, was buried in Xenia OH); Ruth Marshall (1794/96-1839, married John Smith, had two children, was buried in Xenia OH); Lemon Marshall (1801-1841, emigrated to Ohio by 1825 when he married Amy Johnson in Cincinnati, had four children, worked as a physician and schoolteacher, was buried in Jackson OH); and Elizabeth Marshall (1809-1830, emigrated to Ohio by 1825 when she married Samuel Kirk in Greene County OH, had two children—the first named Orange Lemon Kirk)

††† Jane Marshall Cummings
     The five children of Jane Marshall and Robert Cummings were:
James Cummings (born 1788, married Mary Barr, had nine children, died before 1861); Rebecca Cummings (born before 1792, married William Lee in 1809); Marshall Cummings (1800-1891, married Sarah Megooken, had six children, worked as a farmer, was buried in Richboro PA's Union Cemetery); and John Cummings (1803-1811; was buried in Neshaminy Presbyterian Churchyard).

‡‡‡ Rebekah Marshall Hair/Hare
     The three children of Rebekah Marshall and Joseph Hair/Haire/Hare were:
[son] Hair/Hare (born c.1797, died after 1840 when living with mother and brother in Northumberland PA); Joseph M. Hair aka Hare and Herr (1801/07-1893, worked as a hatter, was buried in Northumberland PA's River View Cemetery); and Isabella K. Hair aka Hare (1803-1892, married Henry Gossler, had six children, was buried in Northumberland PA's River View Cemetery)

§§§ Elizabeth Marshall Comegys
     The six children of Elizabeth Marshall and John William Comegys were:
Ann Comegys
(born 1814, married Abraham Stipp in 1833 in Hagerstown MD, had six children in Ohio, died after 1870 when living in Clinton OH); Jane Burns Comegys (1815-1905, married Jeremiah Newton Snyder, had seven children); Elizabeth Comegys (1816-1863, married Hiram Engle, had five children); Mary Comegys (born 1818, no other info); William B. Comegys (1819-1837); and Margaret Hannah Comegys (1821-1907, married farmer John C. Walper, had one child)

†††† James Marshall
     James Marshall
had ten children, all buried in Shepherdstown's Elmwood Cemetery (except where noted).  The first five were by Margaret M. Stipp:
Susan Mary Marshall
(1822-1839); Hester Ann "Hettie" Marshall (1824-1901); William Abraham Marshall (1826-1901, had seven children by an unknown spouse according to ~burns/dcb, while ~marshall/frontiernet says he never married); John M. Marshall (1834-1854); and James P. Marshall (born 1830, emigrated to Kentucky by 1860 when he married Mary I. Stokes, had one child, served in the military 1864, lived mostly in Louisville, worked as a saddler and merchant and real estate agent, died 1906, was buried where?).
     The second five were by Elizabeth Rush:
Margaret Marshall
(born 1839, was living in Potomac WV in 1880, was buried where?); Sarah Marshall (1841-1846); Rosa E. "Rosie" Marshall (1843-1925, married Jacob Rush [Jr.] in 1865, had seven children, was buried where?); Mason Marshall (1844-1924, served in the Virginia Cavalry 1861-64, was captured and exchanged and twice wounded, married Mary Hollida Folk in 1875, had eight children, worked as a farmer); and Thomas Marshall (1845/46-1854).

‡‡‡‡ William Marshall [Jr.]
     The nine children of William Marshall [Jr.] and Mary "Polly" Hendricks were:
Eliza Jane Marshall (1826-1847, married Daniel Swadner, was buried in David's Cemetery, Kettering OH); Mary Ann Marshall (1828-1882, married farmer Henry Himes in 1846, had ten children, was buried in David's Cemetery, Kettering OH); Margaret E. Marshall (1829-1847, was buried in David's Cemetery, Kettering OH); Ruhama "Ruhamy" Marshall (1831-1891, married farmer Levi Prugh in 1859, had one child, was buried in Kettering OH's Beavertown Cemetery); Catherine Virginia Marshall (1832-1888, married carpenter Henry Rike in 1861, had three children, was buried in David's Cemetery, Kettering OH); Susan H. Marshall (c.1835-bef.1900, married farmer Jacob Jackson Hosier in 1867, had two children); John William Marshall (1835-1902, married Frances Ann Whipp in 1863, had eight children, worked as a farmer, was buried in David's Cemetery, Kettering OH); James P. Marshall (1837-1910, married Lydia Prugh in 1861, had four children, worked as a farmer, was buried in David's Cemetery, Kettering OH); and Sarah Elizabeth "Sallie" Marshall (1844-1911, married farmer David Hamilton Rike in 1861, had three children, was a member of the United Brethren, was buried in Kettering OH's Beaverton Cemetery).

§§§§ John Marshall
     The seven children of John Marshall and Ruhanna Melvin, mostly buried at Shepherdstown's Elmwood Cemetery, were:
     John William Marshall (1832-1907, married Susan E. Bane in 1866, had five children); James Melvin Marshall (1831-1911, served in the Virginia Cavalry, married Amanda Engle, had one or two children); Phineas Paxton Marshall (1833-1920, served in the Virginia Cavalry under Jeb Stuart and was wounded at Gettysburg, married Isabella Boteler in 1868, had four children); Mary Elizabeth "Molly" Marshall (born 1836, married Thomas Hillary aka Hilleary in 1861, died after 1920, was buried where?); Margaret Marshall (1838-1905, possibly a twin sister of Ruhanna, married Robert Horatio Boteler, had nine children, was buried where?); Ruhanna Marshall (1838-1914,
possibly a twin sister of Margaret, married farmer Thomas Licklider, had five children, was buried where?); and Robert McGruder Marshall M.D. (1844-1916, married Lucy Butler in 1872, had four children, worked as a physician).

††††† Hester/Esther Marshall Snyder
     The six children of Hester Lemen "Esther" Marshall and Henry Snyder were:
Mary Ann Snyder
(1828-1856); Elizabeth Jane Snyder (1830-1856); John Snyder (1831-1856); Catherine Rebecca Snyder (born 1833/35); Susan Hester Snyder (1833/35-1903, married farmer/merchant Jacob Snyder Melvin in 1855, had ten children); and William Marshall Snyder (1839-1915, married Alice V. Hildebrandt or Alice C. Vicker c.1860, had two children, worked as a farmer, moved to Kansas by 1880, was buried in Riverview Cemetery, Arkansas City KS).  [Note: the first three children did not die on the same day in 1856, but between July and November.]

‡‡‡‡‡ Esther/Hester Banes Lemen
     The fourteen children of Esther Banes aka Hester Banes and Robert Lemen were:
James Lemen
(1780-1866); Sarah "Sally" Lemon [sic] (1781-1839, married John Burns [Sr.], had four children—listed in Chapter B-3); Thomas Lemen (1783-1838, married Mary Williamson and had ten children, then married Barbary Amos and had three more); Elizabeth Lemen (1784-1855, married William Roberts, had twelve children); Eli Lemen (born and died 1786); Christian Lemen (1788-1875, married Samuel Roberts, had three children); Robert Lemen (1790-1870, married first Winifred Boley, then Margaret Osborne and had four children); Nicholas Lemen (1792-1815); Adrian Lemen (born and died 1794); John Lemen (1795-1875); Mary Lemen (1797-1840, married Joseph Roberts, had nine children); Nancy M. Lemen (1799-1865, married Alfred Howard in 1826, had six children); Hester Lemen (1801-1881, married John Pierceall Kearfott in 1827, had seven children); and William Lemen (1806-1877, married Catherine Griggs).

●  The photographs of William and Jane "are in the possession of James Wingo Burns in Medway, Clark [County], Ohio.  He lives on the last several acres of the original Burns land...  As William died in 1856, [the photos] were obviously taken prior to his death, but I don't think they were taken very much earlier than that" (DCB).
●  "When William Burns is first noted in Dayton, Montgomery County tax records (1834 tax duplicate), he has four horses and four cows.  Among the items in William [III]'s estate was a silver saddle.  William bought land along the Mad River in Mad River Township, Montgomery County, before he bought the land further up into Clark County.  Today the land in Montgomery County is part of a large city park" (DCB).
●  William Marshall [Sr.]'s will went through probate court on May 19, 1845; as per ~marshall/notes2.
●  The claim of a relationship to Thomas Riley Marshall may have been contributed by Nora Jane Burns Newcomer, since the future Vice President (famed for stating "What this country needs is a good five-cent cigar") did not come to prominence till after Jane Marshall Burns's death.
●  Included in The Trolley Tattler is a September 1927 ad for Crystal Lakes: "The Beautiful Summer Resort (Formerly Sponsored by the Dayton Journal-Herald)."  The lakes were said to be stocked with 14,000 bass; electricity was now available, plus a clubhouse.  Each lot cost $67.50 ($10 down, $2.50 a month, no interest charge).
●  The Trolley Tattler tells that when Isaac James Burns's daughters Adah, Nora, and Mary were ill with typhoid fever, their devout father offered anything he owned in a prayer that his girls be spared.  "The best three cows he had came up to the pasture bars and laid down and died, and the girls made a turn for the better and got well."
●  ~marshall/cj and ~drodeman present genealogies for Chief Justice John Marshall (1755-1835); ~drodeman's is more complete but confusingly laid out.  Although there are ties to the Paxtons and even a Lindsay Marshall, no overlap can be found with our Marshalls as listed above.  DCB states: "There is definitely no connection to the family of the Chief Justice, who were English Episcopalian/COE, whereas our Marshalls are devout Presbyterian (probably Scots)."
●  DCB provided a page of Medway's 1860 census showing the brothers Jacob, David, and William Marshall Burns living as side-by-side neighbors.  "D.M. Burns" is a merchant with a personal estate of $2,120; his wife "Suzan, age 19" appears to be a year or so younger than expected, while his mother Jane ("age 71") is a year older.  She has $2,500 in real estate with an $800 personal estate, so perhaps she owned the house they were sharing.  Next door, William Marshall and wife Mary have daughters Lilly (age three) and ill-fated Jennie (age one) plus a personal estate of $150, and a 36-year-old seamstress boarder named Malinda Noon.
●  DCB says Anna Colgan (who married Lindsey Marshall's son William V. Marshall) was the daughter of William Colgan, brother of Daniel Colgan (who married William Burns [Sr.]'s daughter Ruth) and probably also of Ruth Colgin (the second wife of William Sr.'s son Robert).
●  ~marshall/frontiernet says William B. Comegys (son of Elizabeth Marshall) was born c.1813 instead of 1819; no death date is given.
●  ~marshall/frontiernet calls John Marshall's son Phineas Paxton Marshall the son (and "Jr.") of his namesake, John's brother Phineas Paxton "Sr."—despite the younger Phineas's obituary identifying him as the son of "John and Rua Melvin Marshall, [born] at the old home place near Kearneysville."  ~marshall/frontiernet also gives Phineas's mother the name "Ruhanna Melvin Rua."
●  ~marshall/frontiernet calls Hester Lemen Marshall's husband "Henry Snyder Jr.," son of "John Snyder Sr." 
●  ~marshall/frontiernet shows only Sarah Jane Lamme as a child of Catherine Marshall Burns; Lillie, "Alma" (not Alda), Nellie, and "William Henry Harrison Burns" as children of William Marshall Burns; and Joseph Willard Burns as a child of Isaac James Burns.


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